Nay Pyi Daw is founded in 2006 and recently become the capital of Myanmar. It is located in the central part of the country, 205 miles north of Yangon, which is the former capital. The famous “Gems and Pearl Emporium” is held twice a year in this beautiful capital and hundreds of gems dealers from all over the world gather there. Moreover, the city has picturesque landscaping of government-buildings, residential areas, large roads and especially the grandeur of parliament-building. You can enjoy visiting “Water-Fountain Garden”, the “ U-Pa- Than-Ni” Pagoda, the White Elephants etc, especially in the evenings, so that you can be pleased to have the fresh and cool air in the city.
Approximately 51.41 Millions of people resides in Myanmar. The urban areas such as Yangon, Mandalay, Ayeyarwaddy (delta) area , Magway , Sagaing regions are densely populated.
Myanmar is comprised of 135 distinct ethnic groups. The Burma form an estimated 68% of the population ; then 9% Shan , 7% are Kayin , Rakkine constitute 3.5 % , overseas Chinese from 2.5 ,Mon from 2% , overseas Indian comprise 1.25% , Kachin from 1.5 % , Chin constitute 1% , Kayar from 0.75 % and other groups constitute 4.5% .
The majority the population in Myanmar (i.e more than 80 %) believe in Buddhism , but other religions , such as Christian , Islam and Hinduism etc are practiced largely without obstruction.Language Burma language is the official language within Myanmar. There are about 100 languages and dialects of tribes using in different divisions. But, most of the people from urban areas can understand and communicate in English since their primary level English as a compulsory subject.
Myanmar has three seasons namely hot, rainy winter seasons. The hot season starts from March to the end of May and the rainy season starts from June to the end of September. Finally, October to the end of February is the winter. During the hot season, the maximum temperature in Yangon is around 40 ºC, the average temperature of the rainy season around 28 ºC and winter season around 18 ºC. But, some mountainous areas have very cold winters and sometimes go down to minus degrees.
Although Myanmar has no special rules for women wearing dresses like mini skirts, short pant, but it is prohibited to wear at some places. Slipper, shoe, stocking are also prohibited to wear inside the compound of every Pagoda and Buddhist temple. However light dress is convenient while visiting Yangon in winter, jacket, coat or warm clothes are suitable clothes for the winter in some areas especially mountainous places such as Maymyo, MyitKyee Nar, Inle or Shan states. Time Zone Myanmar Standard Time is six hours and 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT/UTC).
Myanmar”s currency is the Kyat (pronounced “chat”, abbreviated as Ks). There are 10,000; 5,000; 1,000; 500; 200; 100 Ks.
The exchange rate is due to fluctuate over period which is around 1,550.0 Ks for 1 US Dollar during these days.
Money exchange can be done at Bank Exchange Counters at the airport or outside and other exchange counters.
Please note that payment by Credit or Debit Card is not common in Myanmar. Withdrawal at some ATM by cash from Credit Card (Mastercard and Visa) with local currency Kyats are available. Travelers Cheques are not widely accepted. Some small dollar notes are useful for paying Entrance Fees while sightseeing.
Remark: The US Dollar is the main trading currency and the banknotes should be new if possible – the notes should be clean, be “Big Head” style and have no markings, no creases, no “CB” prefix on the serial number and no tears whatsoever otherwise it may not be possible to use or to change into the local currency in Myanmar.
Burma language is the official language within Myanmar. There are about 100 languages and dialects of tribes using in different divisions. But, most of the people from urban areas can understand and communicate in English since their primary level English as a compulsory subject.
All visitors to Myanmar require a valid tourist visa except Thailand, Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia, Brunei, Cambodia, Maldives, Dominica, Saint Vincent & Grenadines, Micronesia, Ecuador, Haiti and Laos passport holders.
Myanmar has three seasons, the cold season–October through February, with average temperatures of between
20-24’C. The hot season–March through May with average temperatures of between 30-35’C. The wet season– June through September with average temperature between 25-30’C.
Myanmar Standard Time is six hours and 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT/UTC).
Tokyo, Japan is 2 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Myanmar (Burma).
Electricity is supplied at 220 V, 50 Hz. There are many different kinds of sockets in use in Myanmar. We recommend that visitors bring a universal adaptor for their electrical appliances as well as a surge protector.
The light, warm and casual clothes are suitable for the rainy season. Sandals or slippers are convenient for your trip. Visitors are required to remove their shoes and socks, when entering religious places like pagoda, monastery, etc,. Wear conservative dress (shoulders and knees covered) Flat, comfortable walking shoes that can be easily removed are suggested.
A wide range of choices in the food/diet from Asian style to Western style are available at restaurants and food-courts in Yangon. The local foods are excellent for different tastes such as spicy, hot and sour.
Country code of Myanmar is 0095 and local calls can be made from public phone as well as from hotels. Making local calls from hotel cost 100 Ks/ minute and price of overseas call varies depending on country, from US$ 2.00 to US$ 7.00 for 1 minute.
Local area code, eg. “01” for Yangon, “02” for Mandalay, etc. Mobile number starts with “09”. – – Calling from overseas to land phone in Yangon should press “95-1-phone Number” (country code + area code + phone number)
There is an international roaming service for some countries in Myanmar at present. Prepaid SIM cards are widely available from K1500 and can be used in unlocked phones. You can use identification cards such as National Registration Identity Card (NRIC) driving license, passport, student card (from Government recognized education institution) or a recommendation certificate from your ward/village Head for buying the SIM cards.
There are four operators in Myanmar: 1) Telenor 2) Ooredoo, 3) MPT and 4) Mytel. For call and text fees and internet plans, top-up cards of between K1000 and K10,000 are widely available in Myanmar.
Wi-fi is the usual in big cities – most of the hotels, guesthouses, some restaurants and cafes will have it and it’s normally free.
However, with low bandwidth and power outages, it can often be a frustrating exercise to send and receive large files over the internet, particularly in rural areas.
The education system of Myanmar is operated by the government, the Ministry of Education. Universities and professional institutions from upper Myanmar and lower Myanmar are seen by two separate entities, the Department of Higher Education of upper Myanmar and Department of Higher Education of lower Myanmar. Headquarters are based in Yangon and Mandalay respectively. The education system is based on the United Kingdom’s system, due to nearly a century of British and Christian presences in Myanmar. Nearly all schools are government operated, but these has been a recent increase in privately funded English language schools. Schooling is compulsory until the end of elementary school, probably about 9 years old, while the compulsory schooling age is 15 or 16 at international level.
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