Kachin State

Kachin State

Kachin State, which is located in the extreme north of Myanmar lie between the upper region of the Ayeyarwady and the Chindwin river. Kachin State is featured basically with the plain mountain ranges and a lot of summits, big tree forests, cool clear brooks all silence. Its approximate area is 34,379 square miles. Being on an average of 3,000 ft above sea level, the eastern portion of Kachin State possesses the couching of Inmaikha and Malika, the two tributaries to form the Ayeyarwady river .The largest natural lake in Myanmar named Inndawgyi, 40 miles long, 70 miles broad lie on the upper region of the Mekong river in this lake. Myitkyina is the capital of Kachin State. The Kachins, the Shans, Azis , Mine Thars, Liphaws etc are the nationalities living in Kachin State.Kachins who are one of the union nationalities have seven ethnic branches whose traditional dances are different to each other. There are five dances of Manaw dance performed auspicious occasions. Lawaw San Waysan dance performed for the occasion of celebrating World victory and Sum wat, Junpaw is a traditional dance performed by Lachees of Kachin nationalities are famous.

Myitkyina is the capital and centrally located in the Kachin State. It is the northernmost railway terminal, 919 miles from Yangon and 487 miles from Mandalay. Visitors can tour the Myit Sone, the confluence of Maikha and Malikha Streams. Ayeyarwady, the most useful river in Myanmar has its source from this confluence and flows 1325 miles to the mouth of the river. The water over here is crystal clear. The panoramic view of the scenario at MyitSone (the source of the Ayeyarwaddy River) with the unspoiled beauty of nature is beyond the expression of words and will definitely be a fine attraction to tourists. Myitkyina can be reached by road, rail, river and air. Different tribes of national races live in harmony with their own cultures, customs, dialects, dances and lifestyles. The glittering costumes with silver trinkets of the charming Kachin belles would be an enchanting sight. For souvenir the Kachin woollen bag with silver trinkets would be a memorable gift. The overland trade route to India and China and World War II supply line to China along the Ledo Road pass through Myitkyina. For mountaineering enthusiasts, expeditions to Mount Khaka Bo Razi and Mount Gam Lan Razi would be an adventure.

It is the oldest pagoda in Myitkyina, Kachin State. It was built by King Alaung Sithu in Sakarit 454 enshrining Buddha relics from Mizzima Detha, north of Thaya-gon Village on the west bank of Ayeyarwady, south of Namhsan Creek while on a tour of the country. In 1125, under the reign of King Sinbyushin, the major commanding the left flank while on his way to vanquish the enemies camped at the Thayagon Village, found the pagoda and had repairs done to it. In 1294, the banks of Ayeyarwady were eroded by the water-erosion and so Sayadaw U Eithara and Sayadaw U Nyana salvaged the relics of the pagoda and transferred the pagoda to 50 arm lengths from the river. The second world war came and it was brought down and covered with overgrowth but the relics were found in radiance at night. So Wuntho Sayadaw U Sandimar and Sayadaw U Thawbana salvaged the relics and rebuilt it for the third time in 1316.

The Kachin State Cultural Museum is a museum that displays figures of Kachin national races and their traditional dresses, traditional looms & textile patterns, silverware & jewellery, household utensils, musical instruments, weapons and models of houses lived in by Kachin people. It is located at No 3, Yongyi Road and Thakhin Nat Pe Road, Myitkyina, Kachin State. It was established on November 6, 1994. Admission fees are 2 US $ and opening hours are from 10:00 am to 3:30 pm (from Tuesday to Sunday).

It is situated in the north of Myitkyina which is the capital city of Kachin State. Putao can be reached only by air route. The city is surrounded with snow peaked mountains and the weather is cold around the year. Flora and Fauna can be seen in the forest around Putao. There are also many different ethnic minority tribes in Kachin State. It is the nearest town to the base camp for Climbing Mt. Khakaborazi, which is the highest mountain in Myanmar and in Southeast Asia. Putao is the starting point for Myanmar’s most adventurous trekking adventures.

In Putao, there are flowing streams and rivulets, straw-roofed houses and fences of pebbles and creek stones provide a pleasant, pastoral contrast to the scenes and sights of modern cities. The suspension bridges are the typical river crossing in this region. People of the Rawan, Lisu, Khamti-Shan, Jinghpaw and Kachin are represented in the region. This area is famous for its Nature of originated Flora, especially there are many various kinds of orchids and even the world rarest Black orchids can be found in this area. And for fauna, one of the rarest animal species, (Budorcas Taxicolor), Red Panda (Ailurus Fulgens), Black Bears, Black Deer, are all endemic to this region. Other terrestrial species of Monkeys, Boars, Mountain Goats can also seen on this region. Various kinds of Butterflies can be seen in this area on the month of January. The Butterflies including such as an endangered species can be found, among them are Kaiser, Apollo, Bhutan, Glory and ngs. The trees such as different colors of Rhododendrons, Maple trees and various kinds of Bamboos are also seen in this area. The month of January and April is the best month to see the butterflies, flowers and orchids in the icy forest.

Hkakabo Razi is believed to be Myanmar’s highest mountain and with its height of 5,881 metres (19,295 ft) the probable highest mountain in SouthEast Asia. It is located in the northern Myanmar state of Kachin in an outlying subrange of the Greater Himalayan mountain system near the border tripoint with India and China. Its highest status has recently been challenged by Gamlang Razi, 6.6 kilometres (4.1 mi) WSW on the Chinese border. The peak is enclosed within Hkakabo Razi National Park. The park is entirely mountainous and is characterized by broad-leaved evergreen rain forest, a sub-tropical temperate zone from 8,000 to 9,000 feet (2,400–2,700 m), then broad-leaved, semi-deciduous forest and finally needle-leaved evergreen, snow forest. Above 11,000 feet (3,400 m), the highest forest zone is alpine, different not only in kind from the forest, but different in history and origin. Still higher up, around 15,000 feet (4,600 m), cold, barren, windswept terrain and permanent snow and glaciers dominate. At around 17,500 feet (5,300 m), there is a large ice cap with several outlet glaciers.

Gamlang Razi is possibly Southeast Asia‘s highest mountain, located in the northern Myanmar state of Kachin. It is in Khakaborazi National Park and part of the Himalayas. The mountain lies on the border of Myanmar and Tibet, 15 km from the border tripoint with India. The 5881-m high Hkakabo Razi is located 6.6 km ENE from Gamlang Razi. It has year-round snow and glaciers. Mt. Gamlang Razi rock type is granite, according to the Department of Geological Survey of Myanmar. 

Shwe Myitzu Pagoda lies on the sandbank named Linlon about 1,500 feet (457m) from the west bank of Indawgyi Lake in Mohnyin Township, Kachin State. The height was over 15ft (5m). Further renovations brought the height to 50ft (15m) with a base about 39ft 10ins (12m). The pagoda was built with different terraces each adorned with stone statues. A festival is celebrated there every March.

Indawgyi Lake is located in Moe Nyin Township, Kachin State, Myanmar. Indawgyi Lake is the largest inland lake not only in Myanmar but also in Southeast Asia. It was established in 1999, in the concern of environmental and wildlife preservation.The measurement of the lake is 8 miles across from east to west and 15 miles from north to south. The main dominant ethnic groups dwelling around the lake are Kachin, and Shan. There are about 20 villages around the lake. Their main occupation is plantation. Indawgyi Lake lies within the area of Indawgyi Lake Wildlife Sanctuary. The Sanctuary itself composes about 300 square miles, and contains a variety of rare animal species. It was established in 1999, in the concern of environmental and wildlife preservation.

Hukaung Valley Tiger Reserve is located in Kachin State, the North West portion of Myanmar. It is the largest tiger reserve as well as one of the largest protected forest areas in the world. It is the best place to see rare tigers, several species of birds like Rufous-necked Hornbill and other endangered species including leopards, Himalayan bears and elephants.

It is situated in Kham Ti Lung area 12 miles from Machambaw, ten miles east of Putao, on the east bank of Malikha River) in Kachin State, northernmost of Myanmar. It was one of 84000 pagodas built by Thiri Dhamma Thawka the great king, enshrining three relics under the tutelage of Thaththa Arahantha, at the place of demise of the king of sambur that was the embryo-Buddha left on Hintha Gon (Ngun Pik) Hill many existences. In the east entrance are an image of Kakusandha Buddha, Matali nat and Manuthiha, in the north an image of Gonaguna Buddha, king of nats, and king of wuns, in the west an image of Kassapa Buddha, Wathondaray guardian of the earth, and figure of a lion, in the south an image of Gautama Buddha, a figure of an ogre and a king of tigers. In the south-east are a satellite pagoda and an image of Arimetreya.

Bahmo (Bamaw), a small town which draws a lot of Lisu, Kachin and Shan participants from the surrounding tribes to the daily market. Of particular interest are the overgrown city walls of Sampanago, an old Shan Kingdom, 5km east of the town.

This pagoda also dates back to the Bagan Period and marks the place where the Thein or Sima, Ordination Hall of venerated monks used to be. It is about 48 feet in height. According to the inscriptions on the two bells donated by King Badon which can still be seen in this pagoda, the original donor who built this pagoda was King Narapatisithu. Visitors should not miss seeing the four Chinthe mythical lion statues guarding the four corners of this pagoda. Unlike other Chinthe states usually made of brick and mortar, these four Chinthe figures were carved out of pure white, smooth Sigyin marble. This Pagoda is unusual in that it is en-closed, not by a single wall, but by three wall enclosed. The outer two walls are in ruins, but the innermost stone wall is still well preserved.

Traditional Kachin Manaw Festival to celebrate the New Year. All the Kachin clans will congregate at Myitkyina to celebrate this event. Kachin, the hill people of Myanmar. There are different Kachin tribes like Kharku, Thaisan, Lacheik, Rawang, Thaikhamt and Lisu but all tribes celebrate Manaw festival. Manaw festival means reunion ceremony. It is a show of gratitude to ancestral spirits and all participants pray for a bright future. All Kachin tribes come to the festival with their best traditional costume. The New Year Festivals are celebrated with dancing around the erected Manaw poles, quite similar to the totem poles of North American Indians.. Manaw festival is held in Myitkyina and Putao in Kachin State.

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