Mon State is situated on the southern part of Myanmar between North Latitude 14′ 51′ and 17′ 34′, and between East Longitude 96′ 52′ and 98′ 12′. It has an area of 4,747.750 square miles. The state borders Bago Region and Kayin State on the north, Kayin State and Thailand on the east, Tanintharyi on the south, Gulf of Martaban and Andaman Sea on the west. Majority of Mons are Buddhists. They also worship traditional spirits. Two Mon trader-brothers called Taphusa and Balika obtained eight sacred Hair Relics of Gautama Buddha became Buddhist devotees. During the reign of King Siri Damma Soka, the Third Buddhist Synod was held and Buddhist literature and others were propagated.So Buddhism has reached Suvamna Bommi or Thahton state. Reverend Shin Buddha Gosa in 4th Century A.D, had copied Tripitaka Buddhist Scriptures in Sri Lanka in Mon alphabets. Mons were so pious a people that they used to set up stupas and pagodas. In lower Myanmar, Mon architecture has been seen in two famous pagodas namely Shwedagon and Bago Shwe Maw Daw. Mon State has a population of 2,337,000.