Tanintharyi

Tanintharyi Region

Tanintharyi Region is situated on the southernmost of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. It is narrow and long and jutting southwards the sea. It is narrow from east to west and long from north to south. It is situated between North Latitude 90′ 30′ to 15′ 05′ and between East Longitude 97′ 40′ to 99′ 40′. On the east and south are Thailand, on west is Andaman Sea and on the north is Mon State sharing common border. It has an area of 16735.557 square miles. There is an archipelago off coast Myeik. Barmar, Kayin, Mon, Pashu or Malays and Salon nationals live in the Region including Myeik archipelago. Myanmar is used as a common language and different dialects are also spoken. The majority, are Buddhists while a few numbers are Christians. Tanintharyi Region has a population of 1,269,000.

Dawei, in Tanintharyi Division, is a coastal region lies in Southern part of Myanmar with an area of more than 2,600 square miles. It is far 384 miles south of Yangon. Dawei is the capital of Tanintharyi Region is the southernmost administrative region in the country. Various nationalities such as Bamar, Mon, Kayin, Rakhine and Shan totaling over 120,000 are residing in Dawei. Dawei is dotted with famous historical pagodas and can be accessible with all means of transportation. A place to visit in Dawei is Maungmagan Beach, a well-known beauty spot of Myanmar, which is about 10 miles from Dawei. As Dawei is in the coastal region, fisheries become the mainstay of the economy there. Sea-fish and prawn are sufficient enough not only for local consumption but also for the international market. Most local people make their living by trading in regional goods. Some have rubber, oil palm, cashew and mango plantations and they also cultivate paddy. This is a wrap-up of the simple Dawei people’s life and breath-taking beauty spots of Dawei which today boosts modern characteristics of developed cities. In the 18th Century a group of Dawei people known as Inthas or Sons of the Lake migrated to Inle to avoid the continual conflicts between the Myanmar and Thais. Thus the Inthas were appear in Inle Lake in the southern Shan State. The most venerated pagodas are the Shin Motehti Pagoda. a few miles south of the town. Shin Datweh Pagoda in the north and Shin Maw Pagoda on the Dawei promontory. A 243-foot long reclining Buddha image occupies the Lawka Tharaphu Pagoda. The visitors can enjoy at Maungmagan Beach; sightseeing around the town and the streets with old style monasteries & houses and can study the rubber & palm oil and cashew nuts plantation farms and Dawei jetty always busying with the fishing and trading boats and ships.

• Maung Magan Beach

Once you cross the Inwa Bridge, the visitor will see the hilltops, each crested with a pagoda, the banners proclaiming the Buddha’s teaching, the refuge from all ills and tribulations where over 600 monasteries for monks and nuns are located for Buddhist studies and meditation. The Panda Myazedi dates from 1300 while the U min Thonze or thirty caves pagoda has many Buddha images in a crescent shaped colonnade. Mural paintings can be seen in the Tilawa Guru cave temple which was built around 1672. At the nearby village of Ywahtaung the visitor can see silver workers producing bowls and other silver items by traditional methods. The most impressive Soon Oo Pon Nya Shin Pagoda nearby was constructed in 1312. The view of Sagaing from Soon Oo Pon Nya Shin and its approach is marvelous.

• Shinmotehti Pagoda

HSoon Oo Ponnya Shin Pagoda lies atop Nga-pha Hill. one of the 37 hilltops of Sagaing Hills. The hill resembles a frog and hence it was known as Nga-Pha Hill. It was built in 674 by a Sage U Ponnya of Pintaya Tazeeshin Thihathu. It enshrined Buddha relics revered by successive kings. Since its construction, it is known to have the earliest Hsoon (Food. rice) offered by celestial beings before any by human beings. It is also the first pagoda offered Hsoon on the full-moon day of Waso every year of all hilltop ones. It is 96 feet and four inches high. The umbrella is 25 feet and seven inches high. It is reputed to grant 14 wishes such as being free of killing by others, getting promotions and having an insight into things and events. 

• Shin Dat Weh Pagoda

The hill is located to the North-East of the city and rises 230 ,metre (or) 954 feet above the surrounding area. There are over 1700 steps to get the summit of it. Legend says that our Lord Buddha Gautama resided there in His previous existences as the kings of elephant, quail, lizard and sambur that is why that hill is quite venerated for Bauddhists and known for far and wide so much. On the summit of that hill, there are two stucco-figures of gigantic snakes and a pagoda call Su-Taung-Pyae pagoda. Along the eastern covered stairway from the top to the foot, the spiritual house of the grand-forefather is a little down to the relic chamber building at the top. There is a museum conducted by that of hermit U Khanti, backyard, there are a rest house in 9 marabins or spans, a grave of cholera plant or sal-trees, a grand chapel for preaching hall.

• Maw Yit Pagoda

Kaungmudaw Pagoda, also called Yaza Mani Sula, is a huge pagoda 10km beyond the town of Sagaing in central Myanmar. It was built by King Thalun and his son in A.D 1636. The dome shaped pagoda rises up to 46 meters. At the base of the pagoda, there are 812 stone pillars, each one with a hollow and an image of a Nat in it. It was modeled after the Mahaceti Pagoda in Sri Lanka. The stupa enshrined the Buddhist relics inside its relic chamber. The pagoda dome had been continuously painted white to signify purity but now gilded with gold. It is one of the famous pilgrimage and tourist destinations in the Sagaing area.

• Panyit Beach

Ywathaung Village is situated south of Sagaing. It is home to renowned for a large number of very skilled silversmiths who work here the precious metal according to the ways of old traditions passed down to them by their ancestors. They are hammering out of the silver the most beautiful products using age-old techniques and tools. According to historical records and archaeological finds the so-called Burmese silver work was independently developed by the Pyu and Mon. Silver-ware workshop can be found on the way of Sagaing – Monywa high-way road in Ywa-Htaung village. Various kinds of silverware such as jewelleries, bowls, trays, boxes and buddha images are made.

• San Lay Village

Tilawkaguru Cave monastery is one of the monasteries on the Sagaing hillside. It was a meditation cave which was built around 1672. Bright reds, yellows, blues but especially turquoise that produced richer more vivid mural paintings can still be seen in the Tilawa Guru Meditation Caves.

• Tezit Beach

Shwe Kyet Yet Pagoda lies on Shwe Kyet Yet Hill, also known as Mandagiri while embryo Buddha was reborn a king of chicken in his early lives. It is one of the 84.000 pagodas built by King Thiri Dhamma Thawka in Sakarit 218. It was renovated by King Anawrahta in 411 and Narapate Sithu of Bagan in 537. Narapate Sithu built Aungswagyi and Aungswange pagodas and Narapati Sithu Pagoda nearby. Shwe Kyet Yet Pagoda was further renovated by Queen Tarapya of Sagaing. King Swasawke. Thalun. Sinbyushin. Bodawpaya’s son Thiri Maha Dham-mabizaya Thihathu. Bagyidaw. Bagan King’s consort Mindon’s queen of the northern palace. However most of the statues and ancient buildings seen today are those of King Bagan.

• Shin Maw Pagoda and Myin Khwar Aww Beach

Shwe Kyet Yet Pagoda lies on Shwe Kyet Yet Hill, also known as Mandagiri while embryo Buddha was reborn a king of chicken in his early lives. It is one of the 84.000 pagodas built by King Thiri Dhamma Thawka in Sakarit 218. It was renovated by King Anawrahta in 411 and Narapate Sithu of Bagan in 537. Narapate Sithu built Aungswagyi and Aungswange pagodas and Narapati Sithu Pagoda nearby. Shwe Kyet Yet Pagoda was further renovated by Queen Tarapya of Sagaing. King Swasawke. Thalun. Sinbyushin. Bodawpaya’s son Thiri Maha Dham-mabizaya Thihathu. Bagyidaw. Bagan King’s consort Mindon’s queen of the northern palace. However most of the statues and ancient buildings seen today are those of King Bagan.

Myeik is situated in Tanintharyi Region. According to the characteristics of port cities, Myeik is busy with small and large boats in the morning. Beside, the Buddhist People can pay homage the Reclining Buddha Image, the grace and glory of Myeik on Pahtet isle. At the harbors of Myeik, ships, speed boats and fishing vessels are closely quad in a long line. Relying on the sea, cold storage factories for packaging fish and prawn, ice factories and warehouses are built along the bank. The house of bird-nests is a rare and unique thing to see in Myeik. The local people are very much devoted to religion. The LayGyunSeMee Pagoda in Myeik is very sublime. Its festival is thronged with visitors. Beik evening Bazaar is one of the Beauty in Myeik night scene. The reclining Buddha Image in PaHtaw PaHtat island, which is on the other bank of Myeik, is also very sublime. The other places to visit in Myeik (Mergui) are Kweku Dry Dock, Laygyunsemee Pagoda, Myaw Yit Pagoda, Myeik Archipelago, Myeik JettyMyeik Market, Pathettaung Reclining Buddha Image, Rubber, Palm Oil and Cashew nuts plantation farms, Wonderful Swiftlets Dwelling In House.

• Legyun Simee Pagoda

Shwe Chet Thoe Pagoda was built by king Alaung Hpaya. The site of the pagoda was where U Aung Zeyar (The King) was born and his umbilical cord buried. King Hsin Byu Shin. son of King Alaung Hpaya donated the bell and the Chief Queen Khin Yun San of King Alaung Hpaya donated the Tower for this bell.

• Bird Nest House

Mya Theindan Pagoda in Shwebo was also built by King Alaung Hpaya in his deeds of merit. When the successors of King Alaung Hpaya shifted the capital to Central Myanmar, most of the royal buildings and  were neglected and left to dereliction. With the passage of time over one and a half centuries this pagoda was so dilapidated that in 1918 the famous Myanmar novelist James Hla Gyaw repaired, renovated and installed a new ornamental finial. Hti in Myanmar means umbrella. On the demise of the donor, his ashes were interred in the walled enclosure at this pagoda.

Kawthaung, the southernmost town in Myanmar (800 km from Yangon and 2.000 km from the country’s most northern tip) formerly known as Victoria Point is one of the entry ports into Myanmar and is only separated from Thailand by a broad estuary in the Pakchan River. Across the river is the border town of Ranong. Thailand. Ranong is 120 miles North of Phuket. Visitors from Ranong could take a 30 minutes boat trips to Kawthaung for sightseeing and shopping. There are regular flights from Yangon to Kawthaung. Entry visas. valid for 28 days. and Border Passes are issued at Kawthaung. The main business of Kawthaung is trade with Thailand in fishing, rubber and cashew nuts. Most Kawthaung residents speak Myanmar Language and Thai Language. A huge bronze statue of King Bayinnaung In without-fitted in full battle regalia with brandishing a sword stand at the crest of a hill on the cape is one of the great Myanmar Kings. A spectacular sea and island view from a hilltop pagoda known as the Three Mile Pagoda is located in a fishing village five kilometers north of town.

• Pyi Taw Aye Pagoda

It was built in 1949, the main stupa of Pyi Taw Aye Paya is 21m high – unlike many other temples. There are 8 meditation niches that represent the 8 days of the Buddhist week and 14 buddha images symbolising the styles seen in other Asian countries.

• Victoria Point

Victoria Point takes its name from that of the town during colonial times named after King Bayinnaung, a Bamar monarch who invaded Thailand several times between 1548-1569. A gold statue of the King sits on a hill overlooking the point  wielding a sword.

The Mergui Archipelago is an archipelago in far southern Myanmar and is part of the Tanintharyi Region. It consists of more than 800 islands, varying in size from very small to hundreds of square kilometres, all lying in the Andaman Sea off the western shore of the Malay Peninsula near its landward (northern) end where it joins the rest of Indochina. Occasionally the islands are referred to as the Pashu Islands because the Malay inhabitants are locally called Pashu. Geologically, the islands are characterized mainly by limestone and granite. They are generally covered with thick tropical growth, including rainforest, and their shorelines are punctuated by beaches, rocky headlands, and in some places, mangrove swamps. Offshore are extensive coral reefs. The archipelago’s virtual isolation from most of mankind’s influence on the natural environment has given the islands and the surrounding waters of the Andaman Sea a great diversity of flora and fauna, contributing to the region’s growing popularity as a diving destination, representing endangered megafaunas such as whale sharks and dugongs. The area is also important for migrating cetaceans and the “Whale Bay” in the east of Kanmaw Kyun was named historical presences of large number of whales. Such variety includes resident population of Bryde’s whales, Omura’s whales, occasional blue whales, longman’s beaked whales, strap-toothed whales, and killer whales, dolphins, finless porpoises, and Irrawaddy dolphins. On the islands themselves, various animals thrive, including deer, monkeys, tropical birds including hornbills, and wild swine.

The Lampi Marine National Park covers a group of islands in the Myeik Archipelago in the Tanintharyi region of southern Myanmar. The Myeik Archipelago consists of over 800 islands dotted along 600 kilometres of coastline in the Andaman Sea. The area is covered by tropical evergreen rainforests and is surrounded by an extensive coral reef system. Lampi Island is the biggest island within the park and the core of the marine national park. 48 kilometres long and hilly (150-270 metres above sea level), Lampi island has a rocky coastline and beautiful sandy beaches, bays and inlets. Lampi is covered by tropical lowland wet evergreen forest. Large trees of up to 26 meters tall tower behind sandy white beaches. The lush vegetation of the park is characterised by a high diversity of plants and small populations of rare tree species such as Dipterocarpus, Shorea, Vatica and Hopea. Along rivers and freshwater sources grows mangrove forest with an extremely high ecological value, due to its excellent conservation status. The 63 species of mangroves recorded in the park – belonging to 31 families – are also the home of many species of mollusc, crustacean and fish. Beach and dune forest can also be found along narrow strips of sand along the coast.

Maliwan is a village in Kawthaung Township in southern Myanmar near the border with Thailand. It was settled by Chinese and Thai people. The area is known for its hot springs and waterfalls. In 1872 the mayor of the third Mergui district, Sir Ashly Din (1870-1875), appointed the first police officer to Maliwan. A parliamentary paper to the British House of Commons in 1890 noted failed efforts to mine tin in the area, part of Tenasserim Division. In 1891, the center of local government was transferred from Maliwan to Victoria Point (Kawthaung) to allow easier access for larger ships.

Where Andaman Club is located Zadakale ( St Luke ) Island across the Andaman sea. ThaHtay Kyun has beaches but it coast is too rocky for swimming. Can visit to the Islands nearby in this archipelago to explore underwater coral garden where nobody had never been. The Islands nearby are the island of Dawei fisherman inhabited for many years known as the Salons or sea Gypsies who sail around the islands.

The Myanmar Sea Gypsies (Salone) nomads still hold on their own beliefs. Ma Kyone Galet Salone Village is located on Bo Cho Island between 10.40-N and 98.16 E. Salon Festival is held at this village every year. The only human inhabitants in the area are sea gypsies, namely Salon in Myanmar.  The earliest inhabitants of Myanmar recorded history were Pyu, Mon, Myanmar and Thet. It is said that Sea Gypsies were descended from Thet. They live on boats during the dry season and remain on land during the rainy season. They still practice the same fishing and boat building techniques used for generation. In the present times some salon inhabitants dwell peacefully on this island permanently with other people. They worship two spirit gods the good and the evil. Shamanism is the central element during the spirit ceremony. The devotional offerings, at the ceremony, include pop corns, wild boar, alcoholic drinks, honey, betel and flesh and blood of ducks, chickens and turtles. They used to sing at the ceremony. The talents of the Salone are very remarkable that they could sing songs at hand to the scenes, happenings and fact they see. One of the last their musical instruments is a drum made from monitor lizard skin. Nowadays they play the modern studio music song, folk singing in traditional Salone Festival.

The rites and rituals at the festival were done by the shaman, who involved not only at the ceremony but also during illness or at death. A few decades ago the Salone do not bury the corpse, instead they left on a scaffold stand and all the people of the village move to another island. Annual Ritual & Ceremony of the Myanmar Sea Gypsies (Salone) is usually held during the month of February (the Full Moon Day of Tabaung in Myanmar Calendar). The Salone nomads do not easily mix with other people. They do not participate in economic, social or even cultural development of the country they live in their society has different cultural values from those offered by modern society. They are locked in the value system that they believe to be their own.

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