Yangon

Yangon is the commercial city of Myanmar with modern living conveniences and facilities. Legend says that history of earliest Yangon is associated with the history of grand Shwedagon Pagoda. The place of Yangon was named Paukkrawaddy or Okkala during the life-span of Gautama Buddha and in building of Tigon or Dagon Pagoda. Based on the Mon inscription in 11 century AD, the place was mentioned as Dagon that was a small village on the seaside in lower Myanmar. There was not comparatively significant up to the 15 century whereas Mon monarchies stationed at Mottama, Bago, Thanlyin and Pathein as their’s respective kingdom cities existed at royal cities and famous oversea trade center of foreign merchants and travelers.

In the 16th century, Dagon gradually achieved some reputations and significant. King Alaungpaya, the founder of Third Myanmar Empire, renamed the small old town of Dagon as Yangon that means the end of strife after his conquest of Lower Myanmar in 1755 and founded a new city on the old site. Later, Yangon had become a sea port and had been the centre of European interests in the country. Though Yangon is now quite modern popular as a commercial city, tradition traces back its history to the 11th century and its existence under classical names to more than two thousand years.

Pagoda

Shwedagon Pagoda is located on the 190 feet high Singuttara Hill above the sea level in Dagon Township which is near Yangon downtown area. The legend of Shwedagon Pagoda is that two merchant brothers went on a trading journey 2600 years ago. When they arrived at the place where the Lord Buddha, they offered Him honey cakes and the Lord Buddha gave His eight strands of hair to them as a blessing gift. After they returned to their home land, the King and people of Okkalapa searched for Singuttara Hill and dug on the summit. The three-relics of previous Buddhas were unearthed. After sometimes of veneration, the hair-relic of Gautama Buddha together with the three relics namely the staff, the water dipper and the lower gourmet robe of previous three Buddhas were enshrined inside the underground relic-chamber. That was filled with so many precious stones and enclosed by a set of mechanical automations around. 

The height of the Pagoda is 326 feet (about 100 meters) on the 190 feet high Singuttara Hill above the sea level. The stupa’s uppermost section is encrusted with 4351 diamonds, 83850 items of jewelries and 4016 small gold bells.  The elegant Shwedagon has a pagoda platform of 900 feet from North to South and 700 feet from East to West, enclosed by a massive wall around with four main-shrine halls and covered stairways in cardinal points. On the platform, over a hundred of rest-houses, pavilions, prayer-hall are facing to the central pagoda and surrounding which are beautifully decorated and crowned by Pyatthats, pyramidal tiers of decorative-roofing, doorways and spandrels’ with beautiful wood carving in floral designs, and gilding columns studded with colourful glass-mosaic in the main-shrine halls. No better living testimony to be seen the architectural and constructional capabilities of Myanmar ancient pagoda builder as Shwedagon Pagoda attains the standard symmetry and axial balance.

MahaWizaya Pagoda is located in Dagon Township on Shwedagon Pagoda Road. It is on the top of a small hill opposite side of grand Shwedagon Pagoda. It was built for the occasion of the first assembly of the unified orders of Theravada Buddhism in Burma and paid for with donations from Buddhists from across Burma. A rather unique feature of the MahaWizaya Pagoda is its main stupa in the center of the building. Unlike the stupa of most Burmese temples, this stupa is hollow and open to visitors.

Sule Pagoda is an excellent landmark because its location is in the heart of city.It is situated in the center of Sule Pagoda Road and Maharbandoola Road in Kyauktada Township, Yangon. The pagoda is said to enshrine a hair of the Buddha: its Mon name. KyaikAthok translates as “the pagoda where a Sacred Hair Relic is enshrined”. Its legend says that Sule Pagoda marks the site where King Okkalapa held meetings to build Shwedagon. “Su-Wei” is a Myanmar word meaning “meeting”. In course of time ‘Su-Wei’ corrupted to ‘Su-Le’. The pagoda’s peculiarity is its octagonal- shaped pagoda which retains its shape as it tapers to the spire.

ChaukHtatGyi Pagoda, one of the most famous Reclining Buddha in Myanmar, is situated on the Shwegondine Road in Bahan Township of Yangon, about 3 kilometers (10 mins drive) North-East of Shwedagon Pagoda. The old Reclining Buddha Image was donated by a wealthy gentleman, Sir Po Thar in 1899. In the 1950s, the old Image was demolished and the new Buddha Image had been replaced by Temple Trustees because the Buddha Image should be reconstructed in well proportionate structure. The Reclining Buddha Image is 216 feet length and 58 feet height, resting on a brick throne of 230 feet length, 50 feet width and 5 feet 6 inches height. The hundred and eight sole marks of Buddha footprints could be studied in full set with their symbolic figures. There are many monasteries around this pagoda, so the visitors could learn about the life of Buddhist Monk.

NgaHtatGyi Pagoda, known for its enormous seated image of the Buddha, is located in the AshayTawya Monasteryin Bahan Township, a little visited temple across the street from the ChaukHtatGyi Pagoda. Prince Minyedeippa donated the original NgaHtatGyi Buddha in 1558. It was the image of a seated Buddha around 20.5 feet tall. This seated Buddha was brought in this pagoda where its height was increased to an imposing 45.5 feet and placed on a high pedestal of 30feet length and 46feet breadth. This is one of the largest and highest Buddha images in a shrine in Myanmar. The name NgaHtatGyi Pagoda was derived from the structure which literally meant 5 layered roof. The style in which Magite or armors have been used in this image distinguishes it from other huge Buddha structures.

NgaHtatGyi Buddha image is housed in a large iron pavilion. Its golden dome is topped with a multi tiered hti, an ornamental spire shaped like an umbrella. Seated on a pedestal with the back towards an ornately carved wooden screen is the very large white NgaHtatGyi image in Royal regalia wearing a golden robe. The image which is also known as the “five storey Buddha” measures nearly 14 meters high. The NgaHtatGyi Buddha image in the Bhumisparsha mudra of “Calling the Earth to witness” was built in 1900. An image measuring about 6 meters tall is believed to have been in the temple in the 16th century.

KoeHtatGyi Pagoda is located on Bagaya Street in Sanchaung Township in Yangon, about 1km northwest of People’s Park and Shwedagon Pagoda. The gigantic Buddha image was built in 1905 on the 14 acres of the Bargayar Monastery. It is a huge Buddha Image known locally as the nine-storey pagoda (or) the AtulaDipattiMaha Muni Thetkya Image. The Image stands 72-feet tall and is surrounded by many smaller Buddha statues configured in all sorts of meditative positions. According to local legend, a huge frog ate a massive snake at the site symbolizing victory – hence the image was built there. The pagoda is a favorite of locals and travelers.

BotahtaungPagodais located near the river bank close to harbor and on the strand road of Botahtaung Township, Yangon.The Botataung Pagoda which means thousands of military leaders was built some 2,500 years ago by the Mon people. The Mon name of this pagoda is Kyaik-Dae-Up meaning sweet sound sing pagoda as of being resided by the melodious vocalist and sang of sweet songs. During the Second World War, the pagoda was damaged because of bombing. When the mould in ruins was wiped out to rebuild the pagoda, the genuine hair-relics of Gautama Buddha were come in public vision gilded in role in the relic chamber made of laterite-stone and goldstone on 1st May 1947.
These hair-relics were never enshrined insight the newly built pagoda again but have been put in red-stone casket of the opened relic chamber fortified by gigantic laterite-stone in 10 feet depth in the 40 meter high golden pagoda. The relic- chamber was designated of circular pattern with 8-glass-tighteda showroom around it. The entire body of relic-chamber is against the main stupa which is built in golden with a height of 160a feet or 32 metres, having 4 small pagodas on the plinth facing the cardinal points. This pagoda is both type of stupa and temple and the Royal Royal Palace Bronze Buddha image, which was cast in 1859 by order of King Mindon was taken to Britain during the colonial years and returned to Myanmar a few years after gaining independence, can be worshiped.

The Swe Taw Myat Pagoda or “Buddha tooth relic pagoda” is one of Yangon’s recent places of worship. Construction was funded with donations of Burmese people and Buddhists from all over the world.

The pagoda was constructed to enshrine a sacred Buddha tooth relic, believed to be one of the teeth of the Gautama Buddha who died some 2,500 years ago. The tooth was brought over from China in 1994 and enshrined in the pagoda for 45 days for Burmese Buddhists to pay homage. Enshrined along with the original relic were two ivory copies, one of which is still enshrined in the Swe Taw Myat today.

The Kyauk Taw Gyi pagoda on top of Mindhama Hill near Yangon airport is known for its enormous Buddha image made out of a single piece of white marble.The Kyauk Taw Gyi enshrines the largest marble Buddha image in Burma measuring 37 feet tall and 24 feet wide, weighing over 600 tons. Known as LokaChanthaAbhayaLabha Muni (also spelled LawkaChantha Abaya Labamuni) or translated literally into English as “World Peace and Prosperity,” the image sits in the abhaya mudra pose or “gesture of fearlessness.” Made entirely of a single piece of marble found in Saygin Hill, Madaya Township in Mandalay Region in 1999, it was transported south using a special railroad carriage and then pushed down the Irrawaddy River on a 61-meters long barge by three steamers donated by the Asia World Company. The trip saw the barge accompanied by a fleet of decorated ceremonial boats and stop at major towns along the river before it reached Yangon. There are many paintings around the pagoda depicting the trip.The marble image made landfall at Gyogone Insein Township on August 5th, 2000, to a crowd of over 500,000 people including many dignitaries and government officials. On August 10th, the image was then moved atop Mindhamma Hill using a special railway carriage which required the use of 4 locomotives. The partially carved image was finished and erected at an auspicious location designated by astrologers (AungMyay, or “victory grounds”), where it is currently housed. The Buddha image was consecrated in February 2002. This Buddhist project was reportedly a “Yadaya” exercise to avert misfortune. The Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple was built on the site of the former Nine Mile Cemetery.The image is in a large hall adorned with elaborate ornamentations and topped with a Pyatthat, a multi tiered Burmese style roof. The hall’s roof is supported by elaborate golden columns.

Kabar Aye Pagoda, official known as ThiriminglarKabaaye Pagoda and literally meant “The World Peace Pagoda”, is located on the Western side of Ka-Ba-Aye Road in Mayangone Township, apart some 10 kilometers (5.5 miles) away from the downtown area of Yangon.The first prime-minister of independent Myanmar, U Nu had the pagoda in such beautiful structure erected between 1950-52in preparation of the Sixth Buddhist Council (Synod) in 1954 -1956 with the aim to get successful grand ceremony and then dedicated to the cause of entire world in peace. The pagoda measures 111 feet (34 m) high and is also 111 feet (34 m) around the base. The circular platform surrounding the main pagoda is enclosed in the style of a cave-temple. There are five porches and entrances decorated with colorful arched pediments. Lotus flowers, lotus buds and swastikas are carved in stucco around the outside. The pagoda, which is hollow, has a middle point inside which features four great Buddhas (four great pillars) in commemoration of the four Buddhas who have already appeared in the world. Aside from an exquisite exterior, the hollow interior of the KabarayePaya features exquisite paintings, Buddha depictions donated from around the world and four golden Buddha images. The Kabar Aye Pagoda compound is large and is intended to be peaceful and quiet for the tourists, monks and devotees who visit.

The Maha Pasana Cave which translates to “Great Cave of Stone,” is located near to north of the Kabar Aye Pagoda. The Mahapasana Cave was built as part of the Kabar Aye Pagoda complex.The cave is a replica of a cave with the same name in India (Sattapani Grotto) where the first Buddhist Synod (Great Council) was held just some months after the Buddha underwent Parinirvana. It was built in 1952 and completed in 1954 for the Sixth Buddhist Synod, over 2,500 monks converged on the Maha Pasana Cave to recite the words of the Buddha in Pali, the entire Tipitaka. The monks recited, edited, and approved all of the Buddhist scriptures, known as the Three Pitakat.The cave can accommodate up to 10,000 people and is still used to hold big religious ceremonies. The hall measures 67 meters long and 43 meters wide. The Cave has six giant concrete pillars and six entrances marking the 6th Synod while the ceilings and walls are adorned with the teachings of the Tripitaka while the end of the hall has a Buddha image seated in the “Calling the Earth to Witness” posture.

Other Religion Site

Saint Mary’s Cathedral or Immaculate Conception Cathedral is a Catholic Cathedral located on Bo AungKyaw Road in Botahtaung Township, Yangon. The cathedral’s exterior, of red brick, consists of spires and a bell tower. It was designed by Dutch architect Joseph Cuypers, son of Pierre Cuypers.Construction began in 1895 and was completed 19 November 1899 under a land grant from the Government of India, whilst Lower Burma was a province of British India. During the 1930 Rangoon earthquake, St. Mary’s Cathedral suffered little damage and it withstood the Japanese invasion during World War II. However, the cathedral’s stained glass windows were damaged during the Allied invasion of Rangoon.
Bishop Paul Bigandetwork for a new cathedral. This Cathedral is the largest in Myanmar.

MusmeahYeshua Synagogue is the last remaining Jewish house of worship in Downtown Yangon and Myanmar’s only synagogue. The synagogue is in the 26thStreet in Pabedan Township near the city centre. A plaque at the entrance of the building states that the present stone building which was built between 1893–1896 replaced an earlier, smaller wooden structure that was erected in 1854. It is one of 188 sites on the Yangon City Development Council’s list of Heritage Buildings. It serves the few remaining Jews of the country.

The location of the grave of the last Mughal, Bahadur Shah Zafar is located on Ziwaka Road, Dagon Township near Shwedagon Pagoda. This is the final resting place of the last mughalBhadur Shah Zafar-II who was condemned by the British to die in ignominy while they annexed his empire. He was buried at the back of his enclosure, but by 1903 the location of his grave was forgotten. After some protests, the British were forced to construct a stone slab to mark the site of his grave. The location of his burial was once again relocated in 1991, when excavators found the skeleton of the last Mughal emperor there. A mausoleum was constructed and inaugurated in 1994.

The Surti Sunni Jamah Mosque on Shwebontha Street is the direct heir to Rangoon’s oldest mosque, which was built here in 1826, but was destroyed during the Second Anglo-Burmese War in 1852. The Gujarati community rebuilt a mosque here later, quite possibly in 1871. “Surti” points us to Surat, the second biggest city in the West Indian state, where most of the Gujarati traders originated from. Shwebontha Street used to be known as Mogul (Mughal) Street and is at the center of Indian activity in Yangon. Nearby places of interest, and also separate entries in our forthcoming book, include the Jain Temple, Nausaripuri Mosque and the Sri Kalima Hindu Temple. Along with the many shops and restaurants, this part of Yangon is a vivid kaleidoscope of the varied influences the Indian subcontinent had and continues to have on life in Myanmar.

The Kheng Hock Keong, also known as the Kheng Hock Keong or Qingfu Temple, is the largest and oldest temple to the Chinese sea-goddess Mazu in Yangon, Myanmar. It is located on the corner of Sintodan Street and Strand Road inLatha Township. It was originally built as a wooden temple in 1861 and completed in 1863.A new brick building was completed in 1903, costing over 153,000 rupees.Kheng Hock Keong is maintained by aHokkien Chinese clan association.The temple attracts mostly Hokkien and Hakka worshipers, while the other temple in Latha Township, called theGuanyinGumiao Temple, attracts Cantonese worshipers.

Immanuel Baptist Church is in central Yangon at the corner of MahaBandoola Garden Street and MahaBandoola Road opposite Yangon City Hall. The church is one of the oldest Baptist churches in Yangon. Built in 1885 by an American missionary, the church was destroyed during World War II but rebuilt in 1952. Until 1965, the pastor of the church was sent by the American Baptist International Ministries, which at that time was called the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society. One of the founders of that missionary organisation was Adoniram Judson, who lived in Burma from 1813 to his death in 1850. The church is on the Yangon City Heritage List. In the early 1960s over 90 percent of the congregation were Burmese, including ethnically Anglo-Indian and Anglo-Burmese.

Holy Trinity Cathedral is the primary Anglicancathedral in Myanmar (Burma), located on BogyokeAung San Road (next to BogyokeAung San Market) inPabedan Township. The cathedral was designed by Robert Chisholm, a Madras-based architect, in the Indo-Saracenic style to adapt to warm and humid conditions. Construction began in 1886, with the laying of the foundation stone by Lord Dufferin, the Viceroy of India, and was completed in 1894. The pipe organ was destroyed during the Second World War and could not be restored so an electric substitute organ was installed. The stained glass windows were repaired in 2003. The cathedral is listed on the Yangon City Heritage List.

Museum

Yangon National Museum is located at 66-70 onPyay Road in Dagon Township, Yangon. The National Museum is the most remarkable for having a vast amount of collections from the primitive period to now, covering the very first step of the motherland and her various ethnic groups. It was first set at Jubilee Hall on Shwedagon Pagoda Road, then moved to Grandly Bank Building on Pansodan Road. By the passing of the time, a spacious place was needed to display the increased collections. Therefore, a new National Museum was opened on a spacious land on 23rd June 1996. In there, you would see Lion Throne which is represented by the figures of 108 and one larger lion on the base and made of Ya-ma-ne (Clog wood), many kinds of Royal Regalia, the origin of Myanmar Alphabets, Natural History and Myanmar Pre Historical Period, Myanmar Performing Arts, Traditional Folk Art, Myanmar Art Gallery, Myanmar Ancient Ornaments, etc.

BogyokeAung San Museum is located on No 15. Bogyoke Museum Lane. BahanTownship, Yangon. The BogyokeAung San Museum was established in 1962, 15 years after the assassination of Bogyoke. Bogyoke in Myanmar is a term used for General. The museum was the home of the General before he was assassinated. BogyokeAung San lived in peace and harmony with his family. His wife was DawKhinKyi and he had three children. The building is a 2 storey-building where BogyokeAung San stayed until he was assassinated. Furniture. Dresses. Books, the car used by BogyokeAung San and his family photos are displayed in the Museum for memorial.

U Thant House is at No. 31, U Thant House lane (Pan Wah Lane) in Kamayut Township, Yangon. This house was the residence of former United Nations Secretary-General U Thant. The house, which belongs to the government, is a colonial era building within the Windermere compound in Yangon. U Thant lived there in the 1950sbefore leaving to serve as Burma’s Permanent Representative to the UN in 1957. It is used as a museum to U Thant’s life and works as well as a public event centre since 2014.

Myanmar Gems Museum, located on Kabaaye Pagoda Road in Mayangone Township in Yangon, Myanmar, is a museum dedicated to precious Burmese gemstones. The museum is located on the third floor of a four-story building, located near Kaba Aye Pagoda. The Gems Mart at the Gems Museum consists of 82 stores on three floors, and sells high-quality raw and finished gem products, offering rubies, sapphires, pearls, jade and more. The mart is open from 9 am to 5 pm Tuesday through Sunday. The museum building is the site of semi-annual Myanmar Gems Emporium, attended by gems and jewellery merchants from around the world.

Market

BogyokeAung San Market is situated in the heart of Yangon on BogyokeAung San Road. The name of this road was also named after the market. The BogyokeAung San Market is the most popular market and a great tourist destination in Yangon. It is one of the precious colonial buildings you can find in Yangon.The market was first built and inaugurated on the present premises in 1926. It was named Scott Market after Mr. C. Scott., Municipal Commissioner. Nowadays, it is called BogyokeAung San Market in honour of our national leader General Aung San, who was assassinated in 1947.

Theingyi Market is the largest traditional market in downtown Yangon, Myanmar.The present-day Theingyi Market complex houses 1,156 wet and dry market shops.The market spans Latha and Pabedan Townships. The name “Theingyi” literally translates to “great ordination hall” in the Myanmar language, as the market was built on the former site of a pagoda compound in Latha Township. Theingyi Market has its origins in the pre-colonial days, where market stalls were set up around KyaikMyatthancho Pagoda. In 1854, Indians bought the land from the British to develop the SuratiBaryar Bazaar.Fires subsequently broke out, in 1855, 1857, 1868, and 1905. Building A of the complex was built in 1905, and houses 642 shops, while Building B was built in 1938 and houses 505 shops.Buildings C, D, and E were demolished and rebuilt in 1988.

Parks & Relaxation Place

People’s Park is located near the Western stairways of Shwedagon Pagoda. This park occupies over 130 acres between Shwedagon Pagoda and the Parliament building. There is a small museum exhibiting life-size models of nationalities in their colourful dress and flora and fauna. The Restaurant serves Myanmar and European Food. The park is usually crowded during the weekends when families come for relaxation. People’s Square occupied over 130 acres of land between Shwedagon Pagoda and PyithuHluttaw. Many National Events such as Independence Day. Union Day. National Day are held in this place. There is a beautiful fountain with white elephants. Many plants. trees and flowers can be found in this square.

Inya Lake’s history is a shared one with the country in which it resides. Before the country gained its independence from the British in 1948, it was formerly known as Lake Victoria of Rangoon, Burma. Inya Lake is an artificial lake and the largest in all of Yangon. It was built as a water reservoir in 1882 to supply water to the city. The lake was formed by joining small hills that surrounded small local creeks which formed naturally during the annual 4-month long Southeast Asian monsoon season. A series of pipes and cables distributed water from Inya Lake south to Kandawgyi Lake (formerly Royal Lake) near the downtown area.Nowadays, Inya Lake of Yangon, Myanmar, is a popular place among Yangon people for morning exercises, walking, dating and meeting people.

Kandawgyi Lake (formerly Victoria Lakes) is located in Mingalar Taung Nyunt Township, Yangon.A large fungus-shaped lake is at northeast of the city centre. At its northwestern tip is BogyokeAung San Park, which is on Natmauk Road. The Lake is best known for its Karaweik (located at its southeastern tip and the Karaweik Palace is a reception centre in the form of mythical karaweik bird. The karaweik palace or the royal barge is rested at the Eastern edge of royal kandawgyi lake that is in full view of the great Shwe-Da-Gon Pagoda in the West. Based on the Pyi-Gyi Mon barge which was one of the Royal-Barges during the reign Myanmar monarchies, Myanmar architects designed it. The Karaweik palace is the landmark of Myanmar Architecture and culture). There is also a boardwalk around the southern edge of the lake, affording a better view than that from the gardens.

The MahaBandoola Park is a public park located in downtown Yangon, Myanmar. The park is surrounded by some of the important buildings in the area such as the Sule Pagoda, Yangon City Hall and the High Court. The park is named after General MahaBandoola who fought against the British in the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–1826).The park dates to 1867 and was founded as Fytche Square in honor of the then Chief Commissioner of British Burma, Albert Fytche. The site was previously a vacant, swampy site originally known as Tank Square, which was cleared and laid out as a public recreation ground. A statue of Queen Victoria was placed in the center of the park in 1896, gifted by a wealthy Armenian firm in Rangoon. After 1935, the park was renamed Bandoola Square, reflecting rising nationalist sentiment.After 1948 the Independence Monument, an obelisk in commemoration of Burmese independence from the British in 1948, was installed at the center of the park replacing the statue of Queen Victoria. The park was remodeled in 2012.

The Yangon Zoological Gardens, the oldest and the second largest zoo in Myanmar, is located in north of downtown Yangon and south of Kandawgyi Lake and the 70-acre recreational park also includes a museum of natural history, an aquarium and an amusement park.Zoological Garden was first opened by the British in 1906, contains Myanmar’s most expansive collection of wild animals. During public holidays, the Snake Dance and Elephant Circus are performed for visitors.

Hlawga National Park is a national nature park located in Mingaladon Township in northern Yangon, Myanmar. The park is located 22 miles (35 km) north of Yangon. The 1540-acre park includes an 818-acre wildlife park, a 62-acre mini-zoo and a 660-acre buffer zone. The Hlawga National Park was established back in 1982 as an environmental education center and currently serves as a popular day-trip destination and eco tourism site. The park utilizes the catchment area of the Zokanabe Lake with an extension dam built back in 1921–1924 to reinforce the greater Hlawga Lake. The park was established in 1982 with joint-funding by the UNDP and the Burmese government. The park was meant to not only house a collection of Burmese indigenous wildlife but to protect the forests and vegetative cover in the catchment of Hlawga Lake.

The Hlawga National Park is home to various types of deer, rhesus monkeys, pythons and pangolins. Each day different animals are on display/resting so you may not get the chance to see all the creatures at once. Their natural habitats consist of semi-evergreen forests, mixed deciduous forests and swamp forests.

Other Places

• City Hall

The magnificent City-Hall is outstanding as a landmark in the heart of the city, beside the Sule Pagoda and opposite of Mahabandoola Garden. In the 1900s, the traditional wooden buildings were transformed into the grand stucco structures and the construction work lasted 10 years. The grand City-Hall was completed in typical Myanmar Architecture in 1936 by U Tin of Myanmar architect. It was one of the last few public buildings completed before the Second World War. Tourists could study the architecture because this building of quadrangle with a large turning at all corners, bulwark like sentinel-watch crowned by beautiful spiral in Myanmar traditional style, the massive walls in large spans are the striking-features of Myanmar architectural style in the former-half of the 20 century, freed from the influence of Western architecture. 

• High Court

The high court building is located 200 meters East of the Sule pagoda between Merchant road and MahaBandoola road.The high court building is a huge red and yellow brick building in the center of Yangon. The impressive square structure encloses a courtyard. A grand clock tower faces Independence Monument. The Queen Anne style building was constructed by the British in 1911 and served as the seat of the high court during British colonial rule. The high court was recently moved to the new capital Naypyidaw.

• Secretariat or Ministers Office

The Secretariat building is located between Anawratha road and  MahaBandoola road in downtown Yangon, about one kilometer South East of Yangon central railway station and 600 meters East of theSule Pagoda.The Secretariat or Ministers Office, a massive red and yellow brick complex constructed in a U-shape, was built towards the end of the 19th century. The Victorian style building served as the seat of British rule during the colonial era until Burma’s independence in 1948. The towers on two of the four corner buildings as well as the imposing central dome collapsed during a severe earthquake in the 1930’s and have not been rebuilt. The building is vacant since the government was moved to the new capital Naypyidaw. Plans exist to restore it and turn it into a hotel or museum.

• Strand Hotel

The Strand hotel, which is the oldest and most famous hotel in Myanmar and was built by the Sarkies brothers in 1901,  is located at No. 92, Strand road facing the Yangon river, about one kilometer South East of the Sule pagoda.One of Yangon’s best restored colonial era buildings, the Strand hotel faces the Yangon river in the center of town.The Victorian style building opened its doors in 1901 and was one of Asia’s most luxurious hotels during colonial days. After Burma regained its independence the hotel was neglected and several decades later the building was in a poor state of repair. It was restored in the 1990’s in its original design. The hotel reopened in 1993 and is now one of the most luxurious and expensive hotels in Burma.

Taukkyan War Cemetery is located on No. 1 Main Road going down to the East of the city. Aiming to remind the meaning and nature of war, preventing the occurrence of such cruel wars in the future, War-Cemeteries were built to honour those whom their lives were sacrificed in the fighting, by the sponsorship of Commonth-Wealth Countries. Apart 21 miles away from the heart of Yangon, It was opened on 9 February, 1958. It is a rectangle-shape plot and spacious ground covered and area of about 1.4 acres. The wall facing the road is made of stone and contains a height of waist. Inside the cemetery-compound, it seems to be covered with a carpet of green-grass with beautiful flowers.

National Races Village is located near Thanlyin Bridge, Thaketa Township, Yangon. National races village was constructed by Ministry of Border Affairs situated in Thaketa Township, on the left side of Yangon-Thanlyin Bridge. There are eight different traditional houses of Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan representing different styles of attire, cultures, music and literature etc. Buildings with significant symbols denoting various national races residing in the country can be seen. Not only fresh breeze blowing across Bago River but also get the sense of Union Spirit from the village of our national brethren can be enjoyed. There are also people in some of the houses dressed in their traditional clothing and you can see the different dress styles; you can wear those traditional clothes; you can take memorized photos; and you can buy traditional foods and products selling by the difference races.

Thanlyin is a major port city of Myanmar, located acrossBago River from the city of Yangon.Thanlyin Township comprises 17 quarters and 28 village tracts. Thilawa Port in Thanlyin Is home to the largest port in the country.

Thanlyin first came to prominence in the 15th century as the main port city of the Hanthawaddy Kingdom. In 1539, the city became part of Taungoo Kingdom. In 1599, the city fell to the Rakhine forces led by the Portuguese mercenary Filipe de Brito e Nicote, who was made governor of the city. De Brito declared independence from his nominal Rakhine masters in 1603, defeated the invading Rakhine navy in 1604 and 1605, and successfully established Portuguese rule over Syria or Sirião -as it was called back then under the Portuguese viceroy of Goa. In 1613, Myanmar king Anauk Patlu Reconquered the city, and executed Brito by impalement, a punishment reserved for defilers of Buddhisttemples.

Thanlyin remained the major port of the Taungoo kingdom until the mid-18th century. Since 1756 when King Alaungpaya of Konbaung dynasty captured the city, the importance has shifted to Yangon across the river. Thanlyin became part of the British Empire In 1852 after the Second Anglo-Burmese War. The British made the city into the oil refinery center of the country in the early 20th century to process the oil shipped from central Burma. The refinery was destroyed during World War II. The Thanlyin refinery was rebuilt in 1957, and in 1979 a pipeline was completed between Syriam and the Man oilfield.Since the 1990s, the city has undergone major changes. Thanlyin was finally connected to Yangon by road in 1993 when the Thanlyin Bridge was built. In the late 1990s, Thilawa Port was built to handle the container ships away from Yangon’s ports. The city is home to a national university in Myanmar Maritime University, and local universities in the University of East Yangon and Technological University, Thanlyin. 

• Kyaik- Khauk Pagoda

KyaikKhauk Pagoda is located about 3 miles southeast of Thanlyin Bridge, on Kyaik-Khauk Pagoda road, Thanlyin Township in Yangon. KyaikKhauk Pagoda was built on a hillock named HlaingPoteKone on the road from Thanlyin to Kyauktan. It features an imposing golden Mon-style stupa similar to Shwedagon Pagoda across the river. The legend of the pagoda’s founding dates back 2300 years ago when it was built by King Sulathrima from Thaton, who also enshrined a replica of the Buddha’s hair inside its relic chamber. The pagoda has been damaged by earthquakes five times, with rebuilding work beginning shortly after each disaster. There are not only the Mahamuni Buddha Image ( Buddha image in royal costume similarly to Mahamuni Buddha Image in Mandalay) and Emerald Buddha Image From Bangkok but also Nat-Shin-Naung’s Tombstone (the Warrior-poet in the late 16 century and early 17th century) and Minister Padaetharajz’s tombstone (the royal laureate of Myanmar in 12 AD) at this Pagoda.

• KyaikHmawWun (Ye Lei) Pagoda

The KyaikKhauk Pagoda was built on a hillock named Hlaing PaduKone on the road from Thanlyin to Kyauktan.It is Mon-style stupa similar to Shwedagon Pagoda. The pagoda was built by the Mon King CulaThirimasoka of Thaton in the Buddhist Era 241. KyaikKhauk Pagoda had been successfully repaired and renovated by 18 kings who reigned Myanmar.Yele Pagoda at Kyauktan means the Pagoda in mid-stream on a laterite reef. The Pagoda is also known as KyaikMhaw Won Pagoda. The pagoda was built by King Zeyasana, the seventh king of the Pada Dynasty in the third century BC. The height of the original pagoda was only 11ft. The only way to get into the pagoda is by boat. Foreigners are required to sit at a “larger boat” which differs from the smaller ones that the locals take due to “security purposes”.

• Old Portuguese Church

Inside the BOC officer’s quarter is a very old Portuguese Church. Believed to have been built in 18 century, the church is now in ruin but the walls are still intact. Inside the church are two tombstones of Portuguese missionaries from 18th century. British Burma era Sacred Heart Church is also in Thanlyin.

Dala Township is located on the southern bank of Yangon river across from downtown Yangon, Myanmar. The township, made up of 23 wards and 23 village track (including 50villages), is bounded by the Yangon river in the north and east, the Twante Canal in the west, and Twante Township in the south. Despite its strategic location near Yangon, the township is still largely rural and undeveloped mainly because it still lacks a bridge across the Yangon river. However a bridge project is coming soon and already signed an MOU with Korea officially. This project will start in 2017 anyway. After that Dalla area will connect with Yangon city area and it will be a golden land for Myanmar’s economy by 2030. When you want to visit to Dalla, you need only 15min to across the Yangon river by ferry passenger ships which are supported and constructed in Japan.It was, as Dalla, the site of the major shipyard of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company.

Twante Township is a township in the Yangon Region of Myanmar. It is located west across the Hlaing River from the city of Yangon. The principal town and administrative seat is Twante. The township is home to the Shwesandaw Pagoda (known as “Golden Hair Relic Pagoda” in English) and it is believed to contain strands of hair from the head of Gautama, and its annual pagoda festival is held on Myanmar New Year. The longest man-made canal in Myanmar is Twante canal and it is also a shortcut waterway to Ayawaddy river to Yangon river which divides Twantay Township with its length of 35 km and there is one bridge that spans the canal is called Twante bridge. Baungdawgyoke Monastery in Twante Township is one of the famous as there are pagodas including a replica of Mahabodhi Temple. 

Myaing Hay Wun elephant camp is situated in the Taikkyi township of Yangon division. It was established in 1986.  Stretching across an area of 10 acres, this expansive camping ground was developed to promote Elephant Nursing Camp to Myaing Hay Wun Elephant Research Camp. The most ideal season to visit this camp is from October to March. Visitors are presented with a rare opportunity to explore the diverse wildlife of the camp. There are also variant recreations ranging from studying fishes to hiking.The wildlife consists of animals like Blossom-headed parakeet, Wild Elephant, Red Jungle fowl, Green Peafowl, barking deer, Moth, Ruddy Shield Duck, Grass Lizard, Hill Myna, Quail, Wild boar, Bateng, lesser tree duck, Monitor Lizard, etc. Many activities like hiking, riding the elephant, studying about the daily life and habitual nature of elephant, observing the flora and fauna can be performed in this camp.

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